Every insurance company has its own procedures for cancellation. These
are explained in the conditions section of the insurance policy. The Ohio
Department of Insurance has established regulations governing the grounds
for cancellation or nonrenewal of insurance.
In the first 90 days of policy issuance, an insurer may cancel coverage
for almost any reason. This protects insurers who may be checking the
driving record(s) and general policy information provided by the applicant.
During the initial 90-day period, speeding tickets, accidents or claims
could result in policy cancellation.
At 90 days, insurers are required to provide at least liability insurance
coverage for a two-year period. At the end of each two-year period the
policy is up for renewal. A policy can be nonrenewed for almost any reason
at the end of the two-year period. If this happens the policyholder has
the right to receive proper notification.
During the two-year cycle, Ohio law is specific as to grounds for cancellation.
Insurance policy language may vary, but cancellation grounds include:
- Providing false information on your insurance application or falsifying
- Suspension/revocation/expiration of any named insureds drivers
- Nonpayment of premium. Check your policyinsurers dont
always provide late payment grace periods.
- The policyholder (insured) moves to a location where the insurer isnt
authorized to write auto insurance
When a policy is subject to cancellation, an insurer must send written
notice at least 30 days prior to the effective date. If the notice does
not contain an explanation for the cancellation, the company is required
to provide an explanation in writing within five days upon receipt of
a written request from the policyholder. If a policy is being cancelled
due to premium nonpayment, only 10 days notice is required. If the policy
is cancelled prior to the expiration date, the insurer is required to
refund any premium difference thats due. When a policy is subject
to nonrenewal, an insurer is required to follow procedures similar to
Policyholders may apply to the Ohio Department of Insurance for a review
of the cancellation notice any time prior to the effective date of cancellation.
If the commissioner of insurance finds that grounds for a hearing dont
exist, written notice is provided to both the policyholder and the insurance
carrier. If there are grounds for a review, a hearing is conducted within
10 days of the written request.
If the hearing results in a finding that the cancellation complies with
the law, the commissioner issues a written order approving the cancellation
within five days of the hearing. If the order is issued less than 10 days
prior to the cancellation date, the policy continues in force for 10 days
following the date of the order or until the policyholder secures other
coverage, whichever comes first.
If the commissioner overrules the cancellation at the hearing, the policy
continues to remain in force if the premiums are paid to the insurer.
An insurer cannot nonrenew an auto insurance policy solely because of
age, national origin, creed or race of the applicant.
Sources: Ohio Department of Insurance Shoppers Guide to Auto Insurance,
and Ohio Revised Code Sections 3937.30 to 3937.39
Procedures for cancellation of homeowners insurance are found under Ohio
Rule 3901-1-18, Section C, The Ohio FAIR PlanPlan of Operation.
Under this rule, insurers must provide written notice of cancellation
or nonrenewal at least 30 days prior to the cancellation date. A notice
of cancellation will contain information regarding procedures for applying
to the Ohio FAIR Plan for coverage. (Click
here for information on FAIR Plan coverage.)
Policyholders should be aware that cancellation and nonrenewal provisions
are provided under the conditions section of the homeowners insurance
policy. Insurers provisions may vary, so take note of the companys
conditions for such action.
The 30-day notice is not required if cancellation occurs during a binder
period of 30 days or less or under the following conditions:
- Nonpayment of premium
- Evidence of arson
- Providing false information on your insurance application or when
filing a claim